Caldwell List

While Charles Messier made a catalogue of faint fuzzy objects to be avoided when searching for comets, Sir Patrick Caldwell-Moore has made a catalogue of beautiful and interesting objects you should, literally, go out of your way to observe. There are 109 objects on the list ranging from magnitude 1 through 13, and Declination +85° to -80°. Since I’m in the northern hemisphere, viewing the entire list is impossible without travel so I’ll attempt to see what I can and record my observations.

1. NGC 188: Cepheus. Open cluster. Mag 8.1. Size 14
2. NCG 40: Cepheus. Planetary nebula. Mag 11.6. Size 0.6
3. NGC 4236: Draco. Spiral barred galaxy. Mag 9.7. Size 21×7
4. NGC 7023: Iris Nebula. Cepheus. Bright nebula. Mag 6.8. Size 18×18
5. IC 342: Camelopardalis. Spiral barred type c galaxy. Mag 9.2. Size 18×17
6. NGC 6543: Cat’s Eye nebula. Draco. Planetary nebula. Mag 8.8. Size 0.3/5.8
7. NGC 2403: Camelopardalis. Spiral type c galaxy. Mag 8.9. Size 18×10
8. NGC 559: Cassiopeia. Open cluster. Mag 9.5. Size 4
9. Sh2-155: Cepheus. Bright nebula. Mag 7.7. Size 50×10
10. NGC 663: Cassiopeia. Open cluster. Mag 7.1. Size 16
11. NGC 7635: Cassiopeia. Bright nebula. Mag 7.0. Size 15×8
12. NGC 6946: Fireworks Galaxy. Cepheus. Spiral type c galaxy. Mag 9.7. Size 11×9
13. NGC 457: The Owl Cluster. Cassiopeia. Open cluster. Mag 6.4. Size 13
14. NGC 869/884: Double Cluster. Perseus. Open double cluster. Mag 4.3. Size 30×30
15. NGC 6826: Blinking Planetary nebula. Cygnus. Planetary nebula. Mag 9.8. Size 0.5×2.3
16. NGC 7243: Lacerta. Open cluster. Mag 6.4. Size 21
17. NGC 147: Cassiopeia. Dwarf elliptical galaxy. Mag 9.3. Size 13×8
18. NGC 185: Cassiopeia. Dwarf elliptical galaxy. Mag 9.2. Size 12×9
19. IC 5146: Cygnus. Bright nebula. Mag 10. Size 12×12
20. NGC 7000: North America Nebula. Cygnus. Bright nebula. Mag 6. Size 120×100
21. NGC 4449: Canes Venatici. Irregular galaxy. Mag 9.4. Size 5×3
22. NGC 7662: Blue Snowball nebula. Andromeda. Planetary nebula. Mag 9.2. Size 0.3×2.2
23. NGC 891: Andromeda. Spiral barred galaxy. Mag 9.9. Size 14×2
24. NGC 1275: Perseus. Perseus A galaxy. Seyfert galaxy. Mag 11.6. Size 2.6×1
25. NGC 2419: Intergalactic Wanderer. Lynx. Globular cluster. Mag 10.4. Size 4.1
26. NGC 4244: Canes Venatici. Spiral galaxy. Mag 10.6. Size 16×2.5
27. NGC 6888: Cygnus. Bright nebula. Mag 7.5. Size 20×10
28. NGC 752. Andromeda. Open cluster. Mag 5.7. Size 50
29. NGC 5005: Canes Venatici. Spiral (type b) galaxy. Mag 9.8. Size 5.4×2
30. NGC 7331: Pegasus. Spiral barred galaxy. Mag 9.8. Size 5.4×2
31. IC 405: Auriga. Bright nebula. Mag 6.0. Size 30×19
32. NGC 4631: Canes Venatici. Spiral type c galaxy. Mag 9.3. Size 15×3
33. NGC 6992/6995: Eastern Veil Nebula. Cygnus. Supernova Remnant. Size 60×8
34. NGC 6960: Western Veil Nebula. Cygnus. Supernova Remnant. Size 70×6
35. NGC 4889: Coma Berenices. Elliptical (type 4) galaxy. Mag 11.4 Size: 3×2
36. NGC 4559: Coma Berenices. Spiral (type c) galaxy. Mag 9.8. Size 10×4
37. NGC 6885: Vulpecula. Open Cluster. Mag 5.7. Size 7
38. NGC 4565: Needle Galaxy. Coma Berenices. Spiral (type b) galaxy. Mag 9.6. Size 16×3
39. NGC 2392: Eskimo Nebula. Gemini. Planetary Nebula. Mag 9.9. Size 0.2/0.7
40. NGC 3626: Leo. Spiral (type b) galaxy. Mag 10.9. Size 3×2
41. Hyades. Taurus. Open Cluster. Mag 1.0. Size 330
42. NGC 7006: Delphinus. Globular cluster. Mag 10.6. Size 2.8
43. NGC 7814: Pegasus. Spiral (type b) galaxy. Mag 10.5. Size 6×2
44. NGC 7479: Pegasus. Spiral barred (type b) galaxy. Mag 11. Size 4×3
45. NGC 5248: Boötes. Spiral (type c) galaxy. Mag 10.2. Size 6×4
46. NGC 2261: Hubble’s Variable Nebula. Monoceros. Bright Nebula. Mag 10. Size 2×1
47. NGC 6934: Delphinus. Globular cluster. Mag 8.9. Size 5.9
48. NGC 2775: Canes Venatici. Spiral (type a) galaxy. Mag 10.3. Size 4.5×3
49. NGC 2237/2239: Rosette Nebula. Monoceros. Bright Nebula. Size 80×60
50. NGC 2244: (In Rosette Nebula) Monoceros. Open Cluster. Mag 4.8. Size 24
51. IC 1613: Cetus. Irregular galaxy. Mag 9.0. Size 12×11
52. NGC 4697: Virgo. Elliptical (type 4) galaxy. Mag 9.3. Size 6×3
53. NGC 3115. Sextans. Elliptical (type 6) galaxy. Mag 9.1. Size 8×3
54. NGC 2506: Monoceros. Open cluster. Mag 7.6. Size 7
55. NGC 7009: Saturn Nebula. Aquarius. Planetary Nebula. Mag 8.3. Size 2.5×1
56. NGC 246: Skull Nebula. Cetus. Planetary Nebula. Mag 8.0. Size 3.8
57. NGC 6822: Barnard’s galaxy. Sagittarius. Irregular galaxy. Mag 9.3. Size 10×9
58. NGC 2360: Canis Major. Open cluster. Mag 7.2. Size 13
59. NGC 3242: Ghost of Jupiter. Hydra. Planetary nebula. Mag 8.6. Size 0.3/21
60. NGC 4038: The Antennae (1) Corvus. Spiral (type c) galaxy. Mag 11.3. Size 2.6×1.8
61. NGC 4039: The Antennae (2) Corvus. Spiral (type c) galaxy. Mag 13.0. Size 3.2×2.2
62. NGC 247: Cetus. Spiral galaxy. Mag 8.9. Size 20×7
63. NGC 7293: Helix Nebula. Aquarius. Planetary nebula. Mag 6.5. Size 13
64. NGC 2362: Tau cluster. Canis Major. Open cluster. Mag 4.1. Size 8
65. NGC 253: Sculptor galaxy. Sculptor. Spiral galaxy. Mag 7.1. Size 25×7
66. NGC 5694: Hydra. Globular cluster. Mag 10.2. Size 3.6
67. NGC 1097: Fornax. Spiral barred (type b) galaxy. Mag 9.2. Size 9×6.
68. NGC 6729: Corona Australis. Bright nebula. Mag 9.7. Size 1.0. R CrA Nebula.
69. NGC 6302: Bug nebula. Scorpius. Planetary nebula. Mag 12.8. Size 0.8
70. NGC 300: Sculptor. Spiral (type d) galaxy. Mag 8.1. Size 20×13
71. NGC 2477: Puppis. Open cluster. Mag 5.8. Size 27.
72. NGC 55: Sculptor. Spiral barred galaxy. Mag 8.2. Size 32×6
73. NGC 1851: Columba. Globular cluster. Mag 7.3. Size 11
74. NGC 3132: Vela. Planetary nebula. Mag 8.2. Size 0.8
75. NGC 6124: Scorpius. Open cluster. Mag 5.8. Size 29
76. NGC 6231: Scorpius. Open cluster. Mag 2.6. Size 15
77. NGC 5128. Centaurus. Centaurus A. Peculiar galaxy. Mag 7.0. Size 18×14
78. NGC 6541: Corona Australis. Globular cluster. Mag 6.6. Size 13
79. NGC 3201: Vela. Globular cluster. Mag 6.7. Size 18
80. NGC 5139: Omega Centauri. Centaurus. Mag 3.6. Size 36

81. NGC 6352: Ara. Globular cluster. Mag 8.1. Size 7.
82. NGC 6193: Ara. Open cluster. Mag 5.2. Size 15
83. NGC 4945: Centaurus. Spiral barred (type c) galaxy. Mag 9.5. Size 20×4
84. NGC 5286: Centaurus. Globular cluster. Mag 7.6. Size 9
85. IC 2391: Omicron Vela cluster. Vela. Mag 2.5. Size 50
86. NGC 6397: Ara. Globular cluster. Mag 5.6. Size 26
87. NGC 1261: Horologium. Globular cluster. Mag 8.4. Size 7
88. NGC 5823: Circinus. Open cluster. Mag 7.9. Size 10
89. NGC 6087: S Nor cluster. Nor. Open cluster. Mag 5.4. Size 12
90. NGC 2867: Carina. Planetary nebula. Mag 9.7. Size 0.2
91. NGC 3532: Carina. Open cluster. Mag 3.0. Size 55
92. NGC 3372: Eta Carinae Nebula. Carina. Bright nebula. Mag 6.2. Size 120×120
93. NGC 6752: Pavo. Globular cluster. Mag 5.4. Size 20
94. NGC 4755: Jewel Box cluster. Crux. Open cluster. Mag 4.2. Size 10
95. NGC 6025: Triangulum Australe. Open cluster. Mag 5.1. Size 12
96. NGC 2516: Carina. Open cluster. Mag 3.8. Size 30
97. NGC 3766: Centaurus. Open cluster. Mag 5.3. Size 12
98. NGC 4609: Crux. Open cluster. Mag 6.9. Size 5
99. Coal Sack. Crux. Dark Nebula. Size 400×300
100. IC 2944: Lambda Cen cluster. Centaurus. Open cluster. Mag 4.5. Size 15
101. NGC 6744: Pavo. Spiral barred (type b) galaxy. Mag 9.0. Size 16×10
102. IC 2602: Theta Car cluster. Carina. Open cluster. Mag 1.9. Size 50.
103. NGC 2070: Tarantula nebula in LMC. Dorado. Bright nebula. Mag 1.0. Size 40×25
104. NGC 362: Tucana. Globular cluster. Mag 6.6. Size 13
105. NGC 4833: Musca. Globular cluster. Mag 7.3. Size 14
106. NGC 104: 47 Tucane. Tucana. Globular cluster. Mag 4.0. Size 31
107. NGC 6101: Apus. Globular cluster. Mag 9.3. Size 11
108. NGC 4372: Musca. Globular cluster. Mag 7.8. Size 19
109. NGC 3195: Chameleon. Planetary nebula. Size 0.6.